How many Sami are there per reindeer?
|Large number of Sami in a single picture. Photo: Jan Gustavsson.
- There are around 70,000 Sami.
- Around 20,000 live in Sweden.
- Around 40,000 live in Norway.
- Around 6,000 live in Finland.
- Around 2,000 live in Russia.
The global population of indigenous peoples is estimated at 300 million in 70 countries.
Most indigenous peoples are to be found in Asia.
The UN has a permanent forum for indigenous issues.
The World Indigenous Peoples' Day is on 9 August.
Sources: Sami - an indigenous people in Sweden, Swedish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Affairs, Sami Parliament
There are more than 900 reindeer husbandry companies in Sweden.
Norrbotten county has a total of 715 businesses, which means that 90% of reindeer owners are to be found in Norrbotten. (32 samebys (Sami village organisations))
Västerbotten county has a total of 118 companies (7 samebys).
Jämtland (incl. Dalarna) 99 companies (12 samebys).
There are more than 4,500 reindeer owners.
There are 3,995 reindeer owners in Norrbotten county, 376 in Västerbotten county and 283 in Jämtland (incl. Dalarna).
The reindeer business has a turnover of around SEK 150 million annually.
There are around 230,000 reindeer in Sweden.
There are 51 samebys altogether.
The reindeer herding area covers around 40% of Sweden's land surface.
Predator compensation for the samebys amounted to SEK 48.5 million in 2004.
Predator compensation is allocated to samebys that have wolves, bears, lynxes, wolverines or golden eagles on their land.
Sources: National Association of Swedish Sami (SSR), Swedish Board of Agriculture, Norrbotten County Administrative Board, the Sami Parliament, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
In 1904, the first Sami political organisation was formed, the Lapparnes Centralförbund.
The first local Sami association, Fatmomakke Lappförening, was formed in 1905.
A new reindeer grazing law was adopted in 1928, in which the Sami's rights were confirmed by law; however, only Sami who tended the reindeer enjoyed the entitlements that the law provided.
The organisation Same Ätnam was established in 1945.
In 1950, the National Association of Swedish Sami (Svenska Samernas Riksförbund, SSR) was created.
In 1956, the Nordic Sami Council was created as a collaborative body for the Sami people in Russia, Finland, Norway and Sweden.
The Sami Youth Organisation of Sweden (Sáminuorra) was established in 1963.
The Sami Women's Organisation (Sáráhkká) was established in 1988. The organisation has members in all four countries that make up Sápmi.
The Sami Parliament in Sweden was inaugurated in 1993.
The Sami Parliament in Norway was established in 1989.
The Sami Parliament in Finland was created in 1972.
7,200 Sami are entered on the Sami electoral register and may vote in elections for the Sami Parliament in Sweden.
Elections to the Sami Parliament in Sweden are held every four years.
The 31 members at the Sami Parliament's highest decision-making body, the Plenary Assembly, are divided between six parties.
Sources: The Sami Parliament
Out of a total of 70,000 Sami, 20,000 speak one of the Sami languages.
Sami is divided into three main languages: Eastern Sami, Central Sami and Southern Sami.
These languages are divided into 9 dialects.
Northern Sami is the largest dialect, and is spoken by around 17,000 people.
Around 500 people speak Lule Sami.
Around 500 people speak Southern Sami.
The Sami language has around 300 words for snow.
On 1 April 2000, the Sami language was recognised as an official minority language in Sweden.
Sources: The Sami Parliament
Senast ändrad: 2006-08-17
... the estimate of around 20,000 Sami in Sweden came from a study at the beginning of the 1970s. A census of the population has never been taken.